The Sounds of English : Chapter 28

p. 250

Formant Transitions

Why is it hard to determine the place of articulation of plosives from a spectrogram?


How can we try to distinguish between /b, d, g/?


What is a formant transition?


Have a look at Figure 28.5 on p. 250. Describe what happens to the second formant at the end of 'gag'.


What happens to the third formant at the end of 'gag'?