AAE 103 : Understanding the Sounds and Words of English


Pronunciation Features of my Reading of the Wolf Passage.


You will have a recording of yourself reading the Wolf passage. You must listen to this extensively and describe the features of pronunciation you find.

In addition to describing the features of your pronunciation, you need to evaluate the extent to which they comply with the features of Singapore English that have been described extensively elsewhere. You MUST use extensive references to support your assertions. See for example: Deterding & Poedjosoedarmo (1998: ch 17), Bao (1998), Wee (2003), Lim (2004), Low & Brown (2005), Brown & Deterding (2005), Deterding (2007: ch 2).


Your assignment should be presented in formal, academic language with proper sentences using standard grammar. You should also avoid contractions (I'm, it's).

Your assignment will be judged not just on its contents, but also on the grammar and appropriacy of the language used as well as the suitable use of references.

Although it is normal in academic writing to avoid use of first person pronouns (I, me), in this case, because the assignment is about your own speech, you are allowed to use first person pronouns. So in this assignment, it is aceptable to refer to "my speech". You may also say "I listened".

Do not use footnotes. EVER!

Use of References

References form the foundations of your work. An assignment without adequate references is like a house without foundations.  YOU MUST MAKE REFERENCES TO AT LEAST 5 WORKS WITHIN YOUR ASSIGNMENT. More than five references will enhance the assignment.

References can be of two kinds:

For direct quotes, you should also provide a page number, e.g. (Deterding & Poedjosoedarmo, 1998: 156). It is probably a good idea to provide page numbers for references to books (though this is not absolutely essential). References to papers do not need page numbers, unless they are direct quotes.

Do not use secondary references. If you have not read it, do not refer to it.

You should only include in the List of References works that you have actually referred to in the body of your assignment. If there is a book that is important but you have not referred to it, then find somewhere where you can make a reference to it!

The list of references should be ordered alphabetically, with the surname first, followed by initial (or given name), followed by date.


Do not exceed 6 (SIX) pages (excluding cover page and References).

Use 1.5 line spacing, with 10 pt font size.

Due Date

Your asssignment must be handed in to your tutor on 9 March, 2007.


Your assignment should be broken into sections, to provide a clear structure. The suggested suggestions are:


(A more complete list of works to refer to is provided in the 'Assognment Topics' page.)

Bao, Z (1998) 'The sounds of Singapore English'. In Foley, J (et al, eds) English in New Cultural Contexts: Reflections from Singapore. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 152-74.

Brown, A & Deterding, D (2005) 'A checklist of of Singapore English pronunciation features'. In Deterding, D, Brown, A, & Low E L (eds) English in Singapore: Phonetic Research based on a Corpus, Singapore: McGraw-Hill, 7-13.

Deterding, D (2007) Singapore English, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Deterding, D & Poedjosoedarmo, G (1998) The Sounds of English: Phonetics and Phonology for English Teachers in Southeast Asia, Singapore: Prentice Hall.

Lim, L (2004) 'Sounding Singaporean'. In Lim, L (ed) Singapore English: A Grammatical Description. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 19-56.

Low, E L & Brown, A (2005) Singapore English: An Introduction, Singapore: McGraw-Hill.

Wee, L (2004) 'Singapore English: Phonology'. In Schneider, E, Burridge, K, Kortmann, B, Mesthrie, R & Upton, C (eds.) A Handbook of Varieties of English. Volume 1: Phonology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1017-33.